Species Development

In simple terms – there are only a handful of species that are currently in the spotlight for development, including: Citrus sp., Persea americana (avocado), Moringa oleifera, Casimiroa edulis (white sapote), Musa sp. (banana), Carica pubescens (mtn. papaya) and Annona cherimola. The following lists outline our broader developments:

 

* actively being developed (readily selecting/adapting species for favorable traits)

* beginning development (plant materials acquired; undergoing establishment)

* planned for development (to be developed in the immediate future)

 

Edible species being developed as a leaf crop (mostly drought tolerant):

* chenopodium giganteus (tree spinach)

* nasturtium officinale (watercress)

* corchorus olitorius (molokheiya/egyptian spinach/jute)

* moringa oleifera

crotolaria longirostrata (chipilin)

* portulaca oleracea (purslane)

* vicia spp. (vetch)

* claytonia perfoliata (miners lettuce)

* taraxacum spp. (dandelion)

* morus spp. (mulberry) ‘himalayan’, ‘russian’, ‘white’, ‘black’

* crambe maritima (sea kale)

* basella alba, basella rubra (malabar spinach)

Edible species being developed as a tuber/bulb crop (mostly drought tolerant):

* dioscorea polystachya (chinese wild yam)

* tropaeolum tuberosum (mashua) – tuber crop

* lilium martagon (martagon lily) – bulb crop

* lilium lancifolium (tiger lily) – bulb crop

* amphicarpaea bracteata (hog peanut) – nut and tuber crop

* cyperus esculentus (yellow nut-sedge) – tuber crop

* helianthus maximiliani – tuber crop

* typha spp. (cattail) – seed and tuber/vegetable crop

* helianthus tuberosus – tuber crop

* lathyrus tuberosus – seed and tuber crop

* phyllostachys edulis (moso bamboo) – ‘shoot’ and timber crop

Edible species being developed as a seed/nut crop (mostly drought tolerant):

* dioscorea polystachya (chinese wild yam)

* caragana arborescens (siberian pea shrub)

* ginkgo biloba – seed crop

* xanthoceras sorbifolium (yellowhorn) – seed and oil crop

* simmondsia chinensis (jajoba) – nut and oil crop

* caragana arborescens (siberian pea shrub) – seed crop

* vicia spp. (vetch) – seed and leaf crop

* quercus ilex (holm/holly oak) – nut crop

* amphicarpaea bracteata (hog peanut) – nut and tuber crop

* lupinus spp. – seed crop

* cucurbita foetidissima (buffalo gourd) – seed crop

* acacia victorae (edible acacia) – seed crop

* vigna unguiculata (cowpea) – seed crop

* lathyrus latifolius (everlasting pea) – seed crop

Edible species being developed as a fruit crop (mostly drought tolerant):

* maclura pomifera (osage orange) – fruit crop

* aegle marmelos (bael fruit) – fruit crop

* cereus spp. (apple cactus) – fruit crop

* elaeagnus multiflora (goumi) – fruit crop

* elaeagnus angustifolia (russian olive) – fruit crop

* morus spp. (mulberry) ‘himalayan’, ‘russian’, ‘white’, ‘black’ – fruit and leaf crop

* mespilus germanica (medlar) – fruit crop

* aronia spp. – fruit crop

* cucumis metuliferus  (jelly melon) – fruit crop

* typha spp. (cattail) – seed and tuber/vegetable crop

* lathyrus tuberosus – fruit and tuber crop

Sub-Tropical Fruiting Trees, Shrubs and Medicinal Herbs being developed for tolerance of cold (below 0C/32F) temperatures as well as drought conditions:

* ficus spp.

* ensete ventricosum (enset/abyssinian banana)

* pheonix dactylifera (date palm) ‘medjool’, ‘zahidi’

* ceratonia siliqua (carob)

* plinia cauliflora (jaboticaba)

* diospyros nigra (black sapote)

* annona cherimola (cherimoya)

* arbutus unedo (strawberry tree)

* fortunella margarita (kumquat) ‘nagami’

* citrus reiculata (mandarin)

* citrus x paradisi (grapefruit)

* citrus meyeri (lemon/mandarin) ‘meyer lemon’

* persea americana (avocado) ‘mexicola’, ‘hass’, ‘bacon’

* dovyalis caffra (kei apple)

* cajanus cajan (pigeon pea) – seed crop

* amomum spp. (black cardamom)

Sub-Tropical Fruiting Trees, Shrubs and Medicinal Herbs being developed for tolerance of cool (around 0C/32F) temperatures, as well as drought conditions:

ipomoea batatas (sweet potato)

* inga edulis (ice cream bean)

* hylocereus spp. (dragon fruit/pitaya)

macadamia spp.

* azadirachta indica (neem)

* psidium spp. (guava)

* averrhoa carambola (star fruit)

* ananas comosus (pineapple)

* ficus religiosa (bodhi tree)

* citrus x sinensis (sweet orange)

* citrus x limon (lemon)

* citrus aurantifolia (key lime)

* mangifera indica (mango) ‘kent’, ‘antonio’, ‘keitt’

* coffea arabica, typica (ethiopian coffee)

* artocarpus heterophylla (jackfruit)

* moringa oleifera

* withania somnifera (ashwagandha)

* centella asiatica (gotu kola/brahmi)

* zingiber spp. (ginger)

* curcuma longa (turmeric)

* elettaria cardamomum (cardamom)

* manihot esculenta (cassava/yuca) – tuber crop, detoxification

* theobroma cacao ‘amelonado

* musa spp. (banana) ‘ice cream’, ‘brazil apple’

* carica papaya (papaya) ‘oak-leaf’ ‘waimanalo’ ‘honeydew’

* carica pubescens (mountain papaya)

Species being developed for industrial uses (fiber, oil, biofuel + biodiesel, timber):

* jatropha curcas – biodiesel

* simmondsia chinensis (jajoba) – oil and nut crop

* xanthoceras sorbifolium (yellowhorn) – oil and seed crop

* phyllostachys edulis (moso bamboo) – timber and ‘shoot’ crop

Species being developed for ecological (re)generation (drought tolerance, growth rate, propagative efficiency):

* paulownia tomentosa (empress tree)

* acacia spp. (wattle)

* alnus spp. (alder)

* elaeagnus spp.

* prosopis spp. (mesquite)

* lupinus spp.

* indigofera spp.

* caragana arborescens (siberian pea shrub)

* tithonia diversifolia

SPECIALTY DEVELOPMENTS

Pollution Tolerance:

* paulownia tomentosa (empress tree)

* Ziziphus spp.

Elaeagnus spp.

Salinity Tolerance:

morus alba (mulberry)

prosopis spp. (mesquite)

Esculent Developments:

* aesculus californica (buckeye) – seed crop

* Arctostaphyllos spp. (manzanita) – fruit crop

* pinus spp. (pine) – nut crop

* prunus spp. (stone fruit) – seed and fruit crop

Radiation filter/buffer:

* cannabis sativa