GRAFTING – grafting is an extremely useful tool for sensitive breeding conditions, although it is currently over-used and weakening the already thin biodiversity among gardening
CLONING (vegetative propagation) – specifically used for intensive culture plants usually food production and sometimes conservation.
DIRECT SEEDING – used to ensure efficient epigenetics, pristine root systems, and native microbial relations.
NATURAL SELECTION – the natural evolution of life on Earth
ARTIFICIAL SELECTION/GENETIC MODIFICATION – specifically selected seed from favorable plants and hybridizing various plants to combine traits. A type of genetic pruning.
GENETIC ENGINEERING/GENETICALLY MODIFIED ORGANISM – specific changes to the DNA of plants, likened to genetic surgery.
DOMESTICATED PLANTS – domestication is a sustained multi-generational relationship in which one group of organisms assumes a significant degree of influence over the reproduction and care of another group to secure a more predictable supply of resources from that second group. Domestication is found most frequently around rapidly expanding civilizations, to leverage quality resources from degraded environments.
OVER-DOMESTICATED PLANTS – very thin and small pool of genetic variation. Very liable to insect, environmental and microbial diseases. When plants are over-domesticated, they become less valuable than the cost/value of maintaining them. At this point they will require a very specific and ‘soft’ environment, needing large amounts of freely available nutrient. Grafting, nutrient pollution (even organic operations), and many other human supports become common place.
PLANT BREEDING TECHNIQUES (its all about probability, fight or flight, and the niche environments. These are some of the main organs for the cultivation of biodiversity.)
plant breeding should rarely ever aim to eliminate any phenotypes for the sake of others.