Observations – Seeding of 2017

2 week old fig – from cuttings, exploding out of the soil
Possible annona sp. (left of middle, near bottom), many mulberry seedlings around


Our spring of 2017 was extremely sporadic and very intense, with an early heat wave and then very little spring rains. We always expect rainfall to begin stopping ounce temperatures allow plants to start growing in our mediterranean climate, although this year was especially brutal in this regard. Many seedlings that have successfully germinated and survived will not be visible/recognizable until this fall and winter. A big portion of the hundreds of broadcast species within this experiment have hard seed coats. And even with hot water scarification done to the hard seeds prior to broadcasting (in the fall of 2016), many species (especially olive) will germinate across the next couple years.


* Asteriks mark the important stuff


General Notes:

many indistinguishable seedlings

* All seedlings allowed to emerge and develop under the cover of dead and dry grass, have thrived even through a solid week of 100 degree weather with 85 degree nights, with the last rain being a month before this ^ heat wave, and then weeks of drought before that..

* Many pinus sp., quercus sp., arbutus sp., and others will remain indistinguishable from the emurgance of similar native species.

Germination/Survival Notes:

White mulberry is having great germination and survival rates, seedlings have great shade and drought tolerances, fast growing

Grape is having great germination and survival rates

Some annona sp. have been spotted in several different locations


Very unusual weather patterns (intense heat waves early in spring, crippled regional water cycle making for unpredictable and scarce spring-time moisture)

Birds ate a majority of unprotected, small seeds (these seeds were not prepared as seedballs or broadcast at the right time to be covered by forest litter). Namely amaranth species, millet and quinoa.

Burrowing animal pressures are very minimal to non-existant

* Deer pressures are steady, but far too insignificant to corrupt the scale and diversity of this seeding. Specifically the diversity in species broadcast, and the balanced diversity of land types (riparian zone, hot-bald ridge, alluvial/colluvial valley…).




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